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General Surgery


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General Surgery

Northern Virginia Surgical Specialists offer state-of-the-art procedures for repairing hernias. Traditional and laparoscopic repairs are offered for virtually every type of hernia. Most hernia operations are performed on an outpatient basis.

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What is a Hernia?

A hernia is a tear or opening in the muscles of the abdominal wall. When this occurs, intestines or other abdominal contents can “bulge” or protrude through this hernia defect. Hernias are very common. Many hernias occur without over-exertion or heavy lifting. All hernias should be repaired.


Types of Hernias?

Hernias can occur anywhere on the abdominal wall. Inguinal or “groin” hernias account for nearly 75% of all hernias. Another common type of hernia is umbilical or “belly-button” hernias. Hernias can also develop from the incisions created from abdominal operations in the past. These are called incisional or “ventral” hernias.


Why repair a Hernia?

Hernias frequently cause significant pain and discomfort. Even if a hernia does not bother a person, life-threatening problems can occur. Intestines can suddenly become trapped in a hernia. This “incarceration” can obstruct and/or make this portion of the intestine gangrenous. Emergency surgery is then needed. Hernias do not go away without surgery.


Open Incision vs. Laparoscopic Repair?

Nearly all hernias are repaired with a screen or mesh, to close the hernia defect. This mesh can be utilized to repair hernias through relatively small, traditional “open” incisions. A hernia repair can often be performed “laparoscopically” with a few very small incisions. All of our surgeons offer both types of repairs. Surgical options are reviewed with every patient and decisions are made together on an individualized basis.


When can I return to normal activities after hernia surgery?

Generally, patients are independent and mobile the day of surgery. Most patients return to work within one week. We advise lifting nothing heavier than 5-10 pounds for 4-6 weeks after the date of the hernia repair.


List of Hernia Procedures

Hernia Surgery (Open Incision & Laparoscopic)

  • Inguinal Hernia repair
  • Umbilical Hernia repair
  • Ventral Hernia repair






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